By a narrow 51-48 vote – mainly along party lines – the Senate rejected an amendment that would have exempted employers and insurers from covering contraceptive devices if it went against their moral beliefs, NPR reports.
Missouri Republican Roy Blunt, who sponsored the amendment, said it was meant to protect First Amendment rights. “The first freedom in the founding documents is freedom of religion,” he said.
Democrat Frank Lautenberg of New Jersey said he found the amendment’s language vague, in that it appeared to give employers the right to opt out of any benefit to which they considered objectional. “Imagine that your boss is going to decide whether or not you’re acting morally,” he said.
In related news, a new poll from the Kaiser Family Foundation found that most Americans also support the birth control mandate. While reponses were divided based on age and political affiliation (see chart below – click to enlarge), 63% overall said health plans should provide free contraceptives.
A class of popular prescription sleeping pills may increase the user’s risk of death, according to a new study. WebMD reports that the pills in question, called hypnotics, include such popular drugs as Ambien, Lunesta and Resterol.
Using 2002-2007 data from a large Pennsylvania health system, researchers reviewed medical records for 10,529 people who were prescribed hypnotic sleeping pills and matched them with 23,676 patients who were never prescribed sleeping pills. They found that the top third of sleeping-pill users had over a five times higher dealth risk, as well as a 35% greater risk of cancer.
Hypnotic pills differ from other types of sleeping aids, in that they actually cause a person to fall asleep. By contrast, a supplement like melatonin promotes sleep through relaxation.
Sanofi-Aventis, the maker of Ambien, responded in a statement to WebMD: “Ambien has more than 17 years of real-world experience and is safe and effective when prescribed and taken according to its labeling.”
Also questioning the study’s validity is Nancy Collop, MD, president of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. “You cannot assume, just because you find this kind of association, that hypnotics are killing people. People who go on sleeping pills are a sicker population. I know they tried to control for that, but these people simply are not as healthy,” she said to WebMD.
Another provision of health care reform is in danger of getting the boot – but unlike the Supreme Court-bound individual mandate, this one is threatened by the legislative branch.
According to the Hill’s Healthwatch, the House Energy and Commerce Health subcommittee today voted 17-5 in favor of repealing the Affordable Care Act’s Independent Payment Advisory Board. The 15-member board can recommend provider payment cuts if Medicare costs grow faster than a targeted amount (Congress can overrule its suggestions with a supermajority, however).
All but two of the votes for repeal were by Republicans, who early on derided the IPAB as a “death panel” or “rationing board". Prior to the vote, Subcommittee Chairman Joe Pitts (R-Pa.) argued that the board would supplant lawmakers’ ability to run Medicare policy.
“[Supporters of IPAB] are not troubled by the fact that there is no requirement for public comment prior to IPAB issuing its recommendations,” Pitts said. “That IPAB’s actions are not subject to judicial review does not alarm them.”
Committee member Rep. Henry Waxman (D-Ca.) countered that the board merely serves as a means to control Medicare health spending in Congress. “We all hope the IPAB will be irrelevant. If the Act works… it will be,” he said. “Let’s recognize today’s vote for what it is: an attempt to discredit the Affordable Care Act and embarrass the president.”
Earlier this week, the American Medical Association reiterated its support for appealing IPAB. You can also read more about that at the Healthwatch blog.
Makers of statins must revise their labels to warn about risks of elevated blood sugar levels – a cause of type 2 diabetes – and memory loss, HealthDay reports. The Food and Drug Administration made the announcement, but also stressed that the benefits of the cholesterol-lowering drugs far outweigh the potential dangers.
“We want health-care professionals and patients to have the most current information on the risks of statins, but also to assure them that these medications continue to provide an important health benefit of lowering cholesterol,” Dr. Mary Parks, director of the FDA’s Division of Metabolism and Endocrinology Products, said in a news release. The agency made the change following recent clinical trials and isolated reports of side effects.
The full list of statins include: Lipitor (atorvastatin), Lescol (fluvastatin), Mevacor (lovastatin), Altoprev (lovastatin extended-release), Livalo (pitavastatin), Pravachol (pravastatin), Crestor (rosuvastatin), and Zocor (simvastatin). Combination products include: Advicor (lovastatin/niacin extended-release), Simcor (simvastatin/niacin extended-release), and Vytorin (simvastatin/ezetimibe), the FDA said.
Statins are popularly precribed to patients who have high cholesterol or at risk for fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular events. Healthy individuals with one or more cardiovascular risk factors can also benefit from the drug.
A recent study of over one million female patients revealed that women having heart attacks are less likely to seek immediate care than men, and more likely to die in the hospital.
USA Today reports that many women fail to take advantage of such treatments as clot-busting drugs, balloon procedures to open the arteries or bypass surgery. Consequently, 15% of female heart attack patients die in the hospital, compared with 10% of men. And that doesn’t take into account women who don’t make it to the hospital in the first place.
One thing working against females, especially younger ones, is that they appear less likely to suffer chest pain or pressure – 42% of the women studied didn’t experience this classic heart attack symptom, compared to 31% of men. But they may develop shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, light-headedness and pain in the back or jaw, according to the American Heart Association. A sudden onset of fatigure may also be a warning sign.
Men and women alike should know their cholesterol levels, blood pressure and blood sugarcardiologist, notes Nieca Goldberg, medical director of NYU Langone Medical Center’s Tisch Center for Women’s Health. “We should use this study as an eye-opening bit of news to these women,” she says.
Some patients fail to stick to the drug regimens prescribed by their doctors. Sometimes it’s due to cost considerations or sides effect, but it may also come down to simple forgetfulness.
Terrence Blaschke, MD, professor emeritus of medicine, has co-authored a review that documents the problems arising from the lack of proper adherence to medications. He spoke with Medical Xpress about how taking medications improperly can harm your health – and inadvertantly, the health of others as well.
Q: Can taking medication sporadically be just as bad for your health as not taking your medication at all?
Blaschke: Yes! In many infectious diseases (tuberculosis, malaria, HIV and even more common infections), partial adherence can promote the emergence of resistant organisms, which can be very difficult to treat. An important example is the contribution of partial adherence to the development of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis that may then be transmitted to other individuals. A similar concern has been well-documented for patients infected with HIV. There is also some suggestion that partial adherence with oral cancer drugs may also contribute to drug-resistant cancers.
You can read the rest of Blaschke’s Q&A at medicalxpress.com.
If it seems like less people around your office are taking sick days this year, it may be due to the fact that the flu bug has been hibernating. NPR’s Shots blog reports that in the 29 years since the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention began tracking influenza, this is the slowest start to a flu season ever.
“Flu season usually kicks off in a big way in late December early January,” says the CDC’s Lyn Finelli. “It peaks at the end of February or the beginning of March and we usually have influenza around until May.”
Flu specialists are uncertain why the season has been so mild, but Finelli thinks that the warm winter may be a factor. “We know that influenza virus survives best in cool and dry conditions,” Finelli said. And when it’s cold outside, people tend to stay indoors, which raises the risk of coming in contact with someone who’s got the bug.
Also playing a part may be the fact that the main flu viruses this year have been around for a couple of years already, and people have built up an immunity.
Finally, 36% of Americans have gotten a flu shot, up from 32% last season. Vaccination “remains the most effective method to prevent influenza and its complications,” according to the CDC report.
Is it possible that the Obama administration could strike the individual mandate from the Affordable Care Act even it the Supreme Court finds the provision constitutional? If they’ve been tracking the mood of the nation lately, then it could very well happen.
According to a new Gallup poll, Americans are fairly split on if they would want a GOP president to repeal the entire health care reform law – 47% say yea, while 44% say nay. But on the specific issue of the individual mandate, 72% of Americans polled believe it to be unconstitutional.
Certainly, opinions differ greatly along party lines, with over 9 out of 10 Republicans opposing the requirement that most Americans buy health insurance or pay a penlty. But even a majorty of Democrats (56%) diagree with the mandate as well.
A separate USA Today/Gallup poll also reveals opposition to the ACA in total, by voters in critical swing states. Over half of respondents consider the health care reforms “a bad thing", while 38% see it as a “good thing". The partisian divide is strong here as well – 87% of Republicans favor repeal of the health care overhaul, while 77% of Democrats oppose it.
Despite the greater availabilty of inexpensive generic alternatives, prescription drugs are still an expensive proposition for many people. To help those of us for whom medication is a mainstay of the monthly budget, WebMD offers these “Dos” and “Don’ts” for cutting drug costs, which we summarize below:
Another useful “Do": Do check out RxEOB. This online service, available to many MedBen pharmacy plan members, allows patients learn about possible lower cost generic and therapeutic alternatives. Simply log in to the MedBen Access site and click on “My Rx”.
Ezra Klein’s Wonkblog in The Washington Post posted an interesting chart recently, one which offers some insight into the reasons behind differences in health care costs from one region to another.
The chart, which is based on research from the National Institute for Health Care Reform, breaks down health care spending variations by American autoworkers employed by Chrysler, Ford and General Motors. The data represents over one million people who receive health care benefits at 19 different sites across the country.
The researchers found a wide variance in spending, from $4,500 per worker in Buffalo, N.Y. to $9,000 in Chicago. The majority of the variation (37%) was due to difference in health status: the unhealthier the worker population, the higher the spending.
Differences in how much providers charged for the same service also had a considerable impact (33%) on spending variations. “In the lowest-price communities – Syracuse and St. Louis – the autoworker prices are 30% above Medicare,” the researchers noted. “In the highest-price community – Lake County – the autoworker price is more than two-and-half times the Medicare price.”
Excess use of health care and difference in age and sex together accounted for 28% of spending, while differences in providers’ business costs made up the balance.
Not only is breakfast the most important meal of the day, it may also be the best opportunity for dieters to lose weight… and you can have ice cream if you want. At least, that’s the conclusion of a study by Tel Aviv University.
According to Medical Xpress, researchers found that by adding dessert – such as cake, cookies or chocolate – to a balanced breakfast, dieters will lose more weight, and keep it off in the long run.
For the 32-week study, 193 clinically obese, non-diabetic adults were randomly assigned to one of two groups and given diets with similar caloric intake (1,600 daily calories for men, 1,400 for women). But the first group had to stick to a diet low in carbohydrates, while the second was given a breakfast high in carbs and protein, and allowed a dessert item.
After 16 weeks, both groups had lost an average of 33 lbs. per person. But in the second half of the study, the low-carb group regained an average of 22 lbs. per person, while the dessert group lost another 15 lbs. each.
The authors of the study say that because the body’s metabolism is at its most active in the morning, it’s better to indulge during breakfast. That gives the body extra time to work off calories throughout the day. Further, by allowing yourself a daily treat, you remove the craving that often accompanies diet deprivation, which means you’re more likely to stay the course.
The perpetrators of health care wrongdoing have undoubtedly been sleeping a lot less easy of late. In fiscal 2011 alone, the federal government recovered $4.1 billion in fraudulent health care payments – the largest amount ever collected in a single year, according to federal officials.
MedPage Today reports that between 2009 and 2011, enhanced efforts to combat fraud resulted in a 50% increase in judgments and settlements of payments fraudulently obtained from Medicare and Medicaid. Last year, criminal charges were filed against 1,430 defendants for fraud-related crimes, 743 of whom were convicted.
The Affordable Care Act has earmarked $350 million to fight health care fraud. Common cases include durable medical equipment fraud; illegal marketing of medical devices or drugs for uses not approved by the FDA, including unlawful pricing by drugmakers; and violations of self-referral and anti-kickback laws.
At MedBen, we share a similar dedication to protecting clients against fraud (with a slightly smaller budget, of course). Our Anti-Fraud Unit reviews questionable claims, and other related information, to help conserve plan assets. We also belong to associations formed to share information regarding possible fraudulent activities, and the data we obtain from them is compared against our claims detail daily.
For additional information on how MedBen’s anti-fraud efforts, contact Vice President of Sales and Marketing Brian Fargus at (888) 627-8683.
Direct on the heels of yesterday’s mammogram news comes a report that says colonoscopies can reduce the risk of dying from colon cancer by half. It marks the first time a major study has offered clear evidence of the usefulness of such screenings, according to the Associated Press.
Researchers at Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York tracked 2,602 patients who had precancerous growths removed during colonoscopies for an average of 15 years. They found that 12 patients in the study group died from colon cancer – 53% less than the 25 estimated deaths that would be expected among a similar group in the general population.
A second study in Europe revealed that colonoscopies are more effective at finding polyps than tests that look for blood in stool, another popular (and far less expensive) screening technique.
The American Cancer Society says that deaths for colorectal cancer have decreased for more than two decades, primarily due to colonoscopies and other screening tests. But only about half of Americans who should get screened actually do – likely in part because of the somewhat unpleasant preparation required. The organization is hopeful that the studies will help more people realize that the benefits outweigh any discomfort.
MedBen follows ACS guidelines, which recommend that people with an average risk of developing colon cancer get screened starting at age 50.
Cincinnati, Dayton and Cleveland, Ohio are among the top ten cities for emergency medicine quality, according a new report.
Based on an analysis of 7 million Medicare patient records from 2008 to 2010, researchers determined that patients admitted to the top U.S. hospitals for emergency care have a nearly 42% lower death rate than those admitted to other hospitals in the nation. That represents about 170,000 more people who would have survived had their care been equivalent to the top-ranked hospitals, says HealthGrades, an independent provider of consumer information about doctors and hospitals.
According to Medical Xpress, the report found that emergency-room admissions for heart attacks fell 1.7% between 2008 and 2010, while admissions for stroke rose 2.2%. It also noted that 61% of senior hospital admissions begin in the emergency room, the highest of all age groups.
Other cities with the lowest risk-adjusted death rates for patients admitted through the ER were: Detroit; Milwaukee; Phoenix-Prescott, Ariz.; West Palm Beach, Fla.; Baltimore; Traverse City, Mich.; and Fargo, N.D.
The overwhelming support for Qnexa came as something of a surprise, as concerns about potential risks of heart problems and birth defects had lead an earlier FDA advisory panel to reject it. But some of the same members who opposed it perviously said they were reassured this time that the drugmaker Vivus would take measures to minimize the risks, such as recommending that pregnant women not get the medication.
The committee was also swayed by the contention of Vivus and some obesity specialists that excessive weight carries its own set of risks.
The FDA is expected to decide whether to approve Qnexa by April 17. If approved, it would be the first new prescription drug to treat obesity in 13 years.
A new study suggests that when women in their 40s get breast cancer, their tumors require less intense treatment and recur less if they were first detected through a regular mammogram screening. Nearly 2,000 women diagnosed with first-time breast cancer at age 40 to 49 participated in the research, which took place between 1990 and 2008.
As WebMD reports, the finding bolsters the recommendation by the American Cancer Society (ACS) that women start breast cancer screening in their 40s. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) had previously concluded that women should wait until their 50s to begin screening, but does accept the fact that starting earlier does cut the death rate.
“If you have mammography-detected breast cancer in your 40s, it is less likely to need radical surgery or chemotherapy,” says study co-leader Judith A. Malmgren, PhD. “All the USPSTF looks at is mortality. But should we not also consider as benefits the reduced need for treatment and less relapse?”
MedBen follows ACS mammogram screening guidelines for women 40 and over, with the caveat that women should be made aware of both risks and benefits. And a reminder for our female Worksite Wellness members: you can monitor your compliance with mammograms and other critical wellness examinations by visiting the MedBen Access website and clicking on the Wellness Plan link under “My Plan”.
In order to head off critical cancer drug shortages, The Food and Drug Administration is loosening up its rules regarding the importation of unapproved foreign drugs, Bloomberg reports.
Detroit-based drugmaker Caraco will temporarily import the drug Lipodox from its Mumbai, India-based parent, Sun Pharmaceutical Industries. Lipodox contains the same active ingredient as Doxil, used for treating ovarian cancer and multiple myeloma.
In a statement announcing the action, the FDA said the supply of Lipodox “is expected to end the shortage and fully meet patient needs in the coming weeks.”
The agency has also given expedited approval to APP Pharmaceuticals for a generic form of methotreaxate, used for leukemia and tumors of the breast and lung. The product is expected to become available in March.
Methotreaxate and Doxil are among 220 types of drugs deemed to be in short supply in the U.S. by the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists.
The Supreme Court will hear challenges to the Affordable Care Act beginning on March 26, and as we approach the date, most of the talk has centered on the constitutionality of the individual mandate. But as reported in USA Today, the justices first have a decision to make that may put the constitutionality question on the back burner for several years.
People who refuse to buy health insurance by 2014 will face a financial penality, which is considered a “tax". When the legality of a tax is challenged, a federal policy requires that a person must first pay the disputed tax and seek a refund before bringing a lawsuit. And should the Supreme Court find that the policy pertains in this case, the legal fight over the individual mandate could be delayed, possibly until 2015.
None of the main parties to the litigation is arguing for that option, but it is conceivable that the legal interpretation of the policy leaves the justices with no choice but to delay. Further, if the ideological divide between the justices is too wide to brook, the option could become an useful way to settle the dispute – for the time being, anyway.
Most lower court judges who considered the tax policy “out” didn’t adopt it, and the individual mandate debate would be best served by a resolution before it takes effect – but at this point, nothing is certain. Stay tuned.
Choosing generic drugs over costlier brand-name alternatives has benefited U.S. families in the wallet, The New York Times recently reported.
A study by the RAND Corporation revealed that the number of Americans living in a family that spent more than 10% of its out-of-pocket income on prescription drugs decreased from 2003 to 2008. This represents a reversal of the preceding five-year period (1999-2003), when drug costs rose annually.
The study also noted that the declines were due, in large part, to financial incentives from employers and health plans to encourage the use of generic drugs over brands. Through the use of Rx formularies – tiered lists that offer lower patient copayments for less expensive medications – prescription plan members can realize greater savings while still getting the same health benefits as with pricier pills.
At MedBen, we offers a standard (more open) formulary, as well as a high-performance formulary designed to drive drug use to lower cost drugs in class while still providing a wide range of prescribed drug therapies. And that’s in addition to superior Rx discount rates for plan members.
Employers also see significant savings through MedBen pharmacy plans. All network discounts and rebates received for both retail and mail order prescription drug claims are passed through to the group.
For additional information about MedBen pharmacy plans, please call Vice President of Sales and Marketing Brian Fargus at (888) 627-8683.
“Social Security’s disability program is a political quagmire – and a metaphor for why federal spending and budget deficits are so difficult to control,” writes Robert J. Samuelson in a recent Washington Post opinion piece. According to facts he credits to economist David Autor, disability spending has increased at a 5.6% annual rate during the past two decades, compared with 2.2% for the rest of Social Security.
“The disability program, Autor writes, is a ‘central component of the U.S. social safety net’ but doesn’t help “workers with less severe disabilities’ to stay in the labor force (By law, recipients can’t be employed because disability is defined as the inability to work.) This means Social Security collides with the 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act, which aimed to keep the disabled in jobs.
“Guess which prevails. One program, Social Security, pays the disabled not to work; the other, the ADA, simply encourages their work. Money wins. In 1988, 4% of men and 2% of women aged 40 to 59 received disability benefits. By 2008, the men’s rate was almost 6% and the women’s, 5%.
“Autor attributes disability’s expansion mainly to liberalized, more subjective eligibility rules and to a deteriorating job market for less-educated workers. Through the 1970s, strokes, heart attacks and cancer were major causes. Now, mental problems (depression, personality disorder) and musculoskeletal ailments (back pain, joint stress) dominate (54% of awards in 2009, nearly double 1981’s 28%). The paradox is plain. As physically grueling construction and factory jobs have shrunk, disability awards have gone up.”
You can read the rest at The Washington Post website.